Postwar Jewish Organizations In Poland

Throughout World War II, the large Jewish external aid organizations such as the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society (HIAS; in New York), HICEM (formed by a merger of three organizations; based in Lisbon during WW II), the Comite pour I ‘Assistance a la Population Juive frappe par la Guerre (RELICO; based in Geneva) and the American Joint Distribution Committee (JOINT) did whatever they could to help the victims of the Nazi oppression, but local Jewish organizations could only function within the closed ghettos themselves. It is always quite amazing to read the chronicles of the ghettos that were written at the time, hidden and recovered after the war. They tell contrasting tales of tremendous communal charitable work, but also of the greed of some richer inmates. However, these wartime stories, documents and covers will be left for another article.