Foreign Post Offices 1889 – 1914
(Austrian – French – German – Italian – Russian)
Turkey was the nominal ruler in the Holy Land, but its postal system was entirely inadequate to fulfill the various growing needs of the foreigners visiting and living there. After the Crimean War of 1853 , the victorious europeans extracted concessions, vis the Capitulation Treaties, from the Turkish Government. These treaties allowed the Europeans the right to open post offices wherever they deemed necessary.
Initially, Austria, France and Russia operated their own post offices in the Holy Land with the assistance of their consular agencies and shipping companies. The German Empire and Italy later claimed the same privileges under the Capitulation Trieaties. The Turkish authorities with the outbreak of World War I closed all foreign post offices in the Holy Land.